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RODENTS

Rat
Being an omnivore means that rats can exploit many different kids of food resources, which means rats can live in a wide variety of different environments. This is one of the reasons why rats have been so incredibly successful as a species. But being an omnivore also means that an individual has a lot of choices about what to eat, and this poses great risks: the wrong choice could be fatal.

Rats also learn what not to eat, and this is where poison avoidance comes in:

  • Neophobia: Rats are very neophobic when it comes to food: they tend to avoid new foods.
  • Learned food aversions: Rats have extremely sensitive learned food-aversions. If a rat does taste a new food it may try only a small amount the first time. If the food makes the rat feel ill, it scrupulously avoids that food in the future (Garcia and Koelling 1966).
  • Pica: If a rat does eat something that makes it feel nauseous, it cannot vomit (another reason for a rat to be very careful about what it puts down there). But it does have an alternative to vomiting, called "pica," which means the consumption of non-foods like clay (Mitchell 1976). When a rat feels ill it may eat clay, which may help dilute the toxin's effect on the body (Philips et al.1995, Philips 1999, Sarr et al. 1995).

Therefore rats are not "born" with knowledge of safe foods and poisons. Instead, they have the ability to learn which items in their environment are safe to eat, and which are poisonous.

Mice
Mice groom themselves with their teeth and claws. The usual grooming routine may involve a mouse scratching itself with its hind sdfasfeet, then perhaps washing its face or fur with its hands (spreading saliva on the hands, and rubbing them over the fur), and grooming with the teeth. This looks like the mouse is nibbling at its fur.

  1. A continuously-lighted environment disrupts the characteristic nocturnal diurnal activity pattern of house mice to the extent that there is some activity at almost any time. One might assume that this would enhance mouse contact with bait stations or traps but we know otherwise at Mbukoni Pest Control and this is the reason why you would need our services so that we can make a more profitable catch as well as effort (man-hours) in control practices.
  2. With the growth in mouse population there is increased mouse activity outside the house and habitat. On the basis of known effects of social hierarchy, these mice were those social outcasts or pioneer no longer a part of the established population occupying the habitat. We utilize this behavior to effectively control mice.
  3. Lowered temperatures result in reduced mouse activity. We can effectively utilize this kind of behavior to enable you to control the mice.
  4. Introduction of new food, previously proven to be highly acceptable, obviously does not attract mice which did not leave the habitat. More so, until the population has reached high levels and food was most likely a problem, the new foods were sampled but they did not replace that to which the population had been accustomed. We can use this behavior to devise innovative control methods.

Rats and Mice have been responsible for or implicated in the spread of various diseases to people and domestic animals for years e.g. Bubonic plague, Salmonella, murine typhus and many more. Today however, because of improvements in sanitation, effective drugs, and rodent and insect control programs, the disease threat from rodents is not as significant as it once was. But because of the habits of rodents traveling in sewers, garbage, etc., there are still cases of human and animal diseases being transmitted and there is also the constant potential of disease outbreaks in cities where rats and mice live in close proximity to people. However small the threat may be, it is a potential that always must be kept in mind.
Rats and mice almost always leave signs that can lead to their discovery. The signs to look for are:

  1. Droppings or feces (critical)
  2. Burrows and trails
  3. Runways
  4. Grease marks or rub marks
  5. Urine Stains (Urine glows with a black light)
  6. Live or dead rodents
  7. Rodent sounds or scampering around
  8. Rodent odors (especially mice)

We are the best resource for rodent control and supplies for residential and commercial control of rats, squirrels, and mice. Our expertly trained staff can advise you on your rodent control needs. Rats and mice cause a huge loss of food worldwide. Besides eating our food they spoil it by contamination with their feces, urine, or fur. They can be found not only in our homes but supermarkets, restaurants, warehouses, food processing facilities, livestock facilities, and farm fields. They reproduce rapidly with major activity at night. We combine several methods ranging from controlling their movement to the application of pesticides.

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